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<h1>高考英语语法并列句和主从复合句用法精讲

来源:http://www.ablakeforum.com 作者:澳门娱乐场网址 时间:2019-04-05 17:41

  语法知识点3

  ③ 关系代词或关系副词的作用:

  10. 不定式:不定式做目的状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

  ④ 限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能省略,否则主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,这种从句是一种附加说明,如果从句子中省去,也不致于影响主句的意思。如:She spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us had heard of. (她一个晚上都在谈论她最近的书,我们一个人都没有听说过那本书。)

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

  主从复合句

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because 引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用并列连词 for 来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他今天没来,因为他生病了。

  1、直接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的语句,称为直接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用自己的词语来转述表达原来说话人说的内容,称为间接引语。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,可以表示请求,通常意味着说话人的不快或不满。

  直接引语和间接引语

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

  关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago. (这是一个星期前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I first saw you. (我永远不会忘记第一次见到你的日子。)

  语法知识点1

  时间状语从句通常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as ,since, till (until), while, whenever 等引导。时间状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。如: When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam. (你完成工作就可以出去和Jim一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes back. (妈妈回来了我才会走。)

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

  比较状语从句通常由as, than, as (so)...as等引导,一般省略从句的谓语部分,只剩下名词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane is much taller than I/me. (Jane比我高多了。) / I don’t have as many books as you (do). (我书没有你多)

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  当先行词是指事物的不定代词(all, anything等),或先行词部分含有最高级,或含有序数词时,不能用其他的关系代词,只能用that. 如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉我的话似乎不真实。) / Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside? (能不能给我点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that runs in our city. (这是第一辆运行于我市的双层公交车。)

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (3) 表明两个概念彼此有矛盾、相反或者转折, 常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然我们把所有材料都准备好了,我们应该立刻开始这项新的工作。

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the room Miss Li once lived in.) (这是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  ①基本形式:(主句+)连词 从句主语 从句谓语 ...

  8. 原因状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  1、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开头的句子。如: There are a lot of children in the showroom. (在展览室里有许多的小孩。)/ Here comes the bus. (公交车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进来。)

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  如:He says,"I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the USA.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教我们英语的那个女孩吗?

  (2) 表示在两者之间选择一个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若第一个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用将来时。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

  2、直接引语如果是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if引导,词序要改变。如:Lin Tao said to Miss Green, "Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss Green if it was made in China.

  5.The 比较级,the 比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

  ① 定语从句的位置:放在名词或代词的后面。如:The man who has an umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是我的叔叔。)

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“前者情况适用于后者”。例句:

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  1. 宾语从句:一般疑问句做宾语,引入if或whether

  4、感叹句中通常将被感叹的部分前移,而将句子的主谓语整体后置。 如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多漂亮的花!)

  语法知识点2

  主从复合句由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成。主句为句子的主体,从句只用作句子的一个次要成分,不能独立成为一个句子。从句通常由关联词引导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一起。如:While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.(爷爷奶奶们很爱孩子,同时对他们也严格要求。) / It seemed as if the meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不及了。) / However I cook eggs, the child still refuses to eat them.(不管我用什么方法煮鸡蛋,小孩还是不肯吃。)

  3.wish引导的虚拟语气:wish 后面的从句,当表示与事实相反的情况,或表示将来不太可能实现的愿望时,其宾语从句的动词形式为: 

  1、关系代词只能用that的情况:

  (2)在否定句或疑问句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  倒装句: 谓语的一部分或者全部放在主语之前的句子称为倒装句。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  若从句来源于一个特殊疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后面,作介词的宾语。

  1、概念:

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever.

  ⑴表示对现在情况的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be 的过去式用were.   

  若从句来源于一个一般疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

  ①不用引号,而用连接词that,但有时可省略。

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

  关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物, 有时也指人,它们在从句中可以作主语或宾语。定语从句中关系代词作从句宾语时可以省略。This is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days. (这个就是我们近日一直在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间足够大能住下我们全体的房间。)

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他表明他不会屈服。 

  ②人称作相应变化;

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的两个句子成为并列句。

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  只有勤奋、正直,一个人在生活中才能成功。 

  ② 语法术语的改变:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;引导定语从句的连接词称为关系词,其中that、which、who称为关系代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能停止。 

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could help.

  You are a student, so am I。

  5、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面的主谓一般采用倒装形式放在句尾,但是,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What on earth are you doing up there?” said the father. (父亲说:“你在上边到底干什么?”) / “What on earth are you doing up there?”he said. (他说:“你在上边到底干什么?”)

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  我后悔不该浪费这么多时间。( 实际上已经浪费掉了。) 

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